Seventy-two volunteers were randomized into 4 groups of 18 (15 received vaccine, and 3 received placebo). The most frequent solicited systemic adverse event was headache (frequency, 50%, 61%, and 42% per dose for MVA-BN-Filo, Ad26.ZEBOV, and placebo, respectively). The most frequent solicited local AE was injection site pain (frequency, 78%, 63%, and 33% per dose for MVA-BN-Filo, Ad26.ZEBOV, and placebo, respectively). No differences in adverse events were observed among the different vaccine regimens. High levels of binding and neutralizing anti–Ebola virus glycoprotein antibodies were induced by all regimens and sustained to day 360 after the first dose.